Shroud of Turin Facts Check  > Man of Sorrows


The "Man of Sorrows" is a familiar iconic representation of Jesus in Byzantine Christian art. He is seen rising from a sepulcher. Some scholars think that the image was inspired by or derived from the Holy Mandylion (believed to be the Shroud of Turin) that was in Constantinople from 944 CE to 1204 CE when it disappeared during the Fourth Crusade.

It is believed, from historical sources, that the Shroud was raised from a folded position as a ceremony intended to represent the Resurrection. As it was raised the full body of Jesus was slowly revealed.

Many features seen in the Man of Sorrows imagery match features seen on the Shroud: the style of beard, long nose, large eyes, hands crossed at the wrists, the rivulets of blood on the arms.


For additional information see: Carbon 14 Dating - Bones, Cloth Fibers, Wood


Face on Shroud as photographed

Face on the Shroud as it appears when photographed. This is the negative.

Gum encrusted fiber

Gum encrusted cotton fiber found only in the carbon 14 sample area and not elsewhere on the cloth.

Spliced thread

Close up view of spliced thread in the carbon 14 sample area showing that what was tested was likely a repair and not original cloth.

Mordant lakes

Photomicrograph, gum is swelling and slowly detaching from the fibers and alizarin mordant lakes can be seen. Yellow dye is in solution. Further evidence of repair.

Single fiber up close

Phase-contrast microscopy of a single image fiber. Image is a reddish-brown caramel-like complex carbon bond, a chemical change within a super thin coating of crude starch on the fabric's outermost fibers. It is not paint or any kind of applied pigment. It is likely caused by bodily amine vapors reacting with saccharides in the starch.
Close up of thread showing coating on fibers

Threads consisting of twisted bundles of fibers. Shows color in starch coating

Face as it appears on Shroud

This is how the face appears on the cloth.

Second face found on back of cloth

Second face image recently discovered with image analysis technology. This a a computer enhanced view. It matches the face on the front of the Shroud. The images are doubly-superficial meaning that nothing soaked through.

UV photo of sample area

UV photograph of carbon 14 sample area showing that the sample area is chemically unlike the rest of the cloth